How to Become a Licensed Nursing Home Administrator (LNHA)
Licensed nursing home administrators (LNHAs) supervise nursing homes. They maintain and manage these facilities, which provide medical care and housing for elderly and disabled individuals. LNHAs coordinate all clinical and administrative affairs, ensuring these homes function smoothly. Because of the large staff of nurses, aides, and other medical personnel providing round-the-clock care at nursing homes, an LNHA is one of the most crucial at these facilities. LNHAs manage staff, patients, admissions, budgets, records, equipment maintenance and upgrades, and compliance with federal regulations.
On a typical day, nursing home administrators manage employees’ daily duties, admit new patients, oversee operations, provide tours for prospective patients and their families, and research new technology and equipment that can benefit the home.
To ensure patients are safe and healthy, LNHAs must ensure local and federal regulations are being met, doing all they can to maintain compliance in all areas. As such, it can be very demanding and stressful, often requiring off-hours work during the evenings, on weekends, and holidays. Moreover, they must excel at stress management and communication because they often deal with challenging situations.
Nursing home administrators may work in nursing homes, assisted living facilities, or retirement communities. No matter the setting, they must provide the necessary leadership that ensures a safe and efficient environment for staff and patients. Their typical duties include managing all staff and personnel, financial issues, medical care, supplies, and facilities. To become an LNHA, students must first obtain a bachelor’s or master’s degree in healthcare administration, followed by state and national licensing.
Because of the high demand, significant responsibilities, and education requirements, LNHAs can expect to make almost six figures a year. In fact, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (2022) reports that medical and health service managers (including LNHAs) have a median annual salary of $101,340. By comparison, Salary.com (2022) reported a median annual salary of $125,800 for nursing home administrators, with a typical range of between $99,054 and $152,928.
Furthermore, the BLS projected that openings for medical and health service managers will swell 32 percent nationwide between 2021 and 2031, much faster than the 5 percent average expected for all U.S. occupations in that same decade.
This growth is largely due to aging Baby Boomers who are just beginning to enter retirement age and will continue to do so over the next ten years. With more facilities, there will be an increased need for experienced, qualified nursing home administrators who can lead them.
Read on to discover how to join this rewarding and lucrative career.
|Featured Nursing Home & Aging Services Administration Programs|
|Arizona State University||Aging (MS)||View Full Profile|
|Saint Mary's University of Minnesota||Master of Arts in Health & Human Services Administration (MN LNHA Prep)||View Full Profile|
A Step-by-Step Guide to Becoming a Licensed Nursing Home Administrator
Aspiring licensed nursing home administrators must follow a particular path to fulfill their passion and obtain a career in nursing home management. While there are several different options for students, the guide below explores one possible route to becoming an LNHA.
Step 1: Graduate from high school (four years)
To move on to further levels of study, students must obtain their high school diplomas. Preparation for a career in nursing home administration can and should start with excelling in courses at the high school level, such as chemistry, biology, math, finance, and writing. These courses will form a firm basis for when the student is ready to attend college and pursue a four-year bachelor’s degree.
Step 2: Obtain a bachelor’s degree in nursing, health administration, or another field (four years)
Students should focus on universities and colleges offering bachelor’s degrees in nursing home administration or closely related fields. Many become registered nurses (RNs) to gain some clinical experience, while others focus more squarely on administrative capacities in their education and work experience.
Undergraduate programs in nursing administration specifically provide the tools students will need to manage daily operations, handle patient requirements, and assist with budgeting. Students should take courses on long-term care administration, public health administration, health services administration, and business administration.
Step 3: Earn a master of healthcare administration or a related degree (two years)
A master of health administration (MHA), long-term care, nursing home administration, or gerontology is the typical path to becoming an LNHA as it allows students to deepen their knowledge in critical areas and specialize in the most important subjects to them.
A master’s degree can also set one apart during the interview process. However, students can also enroll in a master’s of science in gerontology, providing similar education but with a heavier clinical focus. Below are a few well-known online programs that aspiring LNHAs can consider:
Utica College offers an online master of healthcare administration (MHA) program preparing students for administrative roles in settings across the healthcare continuum. The program provides students with the skills and knowledge for pursuing exciting and new advancement opportunities in several healthcare organizations. Graduates can expect to develop a thorough understanding of designing, developing, and evaluating administrative strategies.
Made up of 36 credits, the program includes courses such as health informatics; human resources management; health care financial management; perspectives in gerontology; healthcare administrator leadership; data analysis for healthcare leaders; and leadership in marketing and strategic planning.
Admission requirements include a bachelor’s degree with a grade point average of 3.0 or higher, a completed application, official transcripts, two letters of recommendation, a personal statement, and a current resume.
Graduates of the program will be able to take up roles such as ancillary services directors, clinical project managers, nursing home administrators, direct care coordinators, informatics directors, compliance officers, facilities managers, and marketing directors.
- Location: Utica, NY
- Accreditation: Middle States Commission on Higher Education
- Expected Time to Completion: 24 months
- Estimated Tuition: $690 per credit
Maryville University designed an online master of health administration with concentrations in health informatics and analytics; healthcare leadership; population health management; and senior services. No healthcare experience is required with this 100 percent online program.
Graduates of the program will be prepared for senior-level positions in various healthcare settings such as state, local, and private hospitals, government agencies, nursing and residential care facilities, home healthcare services, and physicians’ offices. They can take up roles such as hospital administrators, nursing home administrators, healthcare marketing directors, and recruiters.
To get accepted into the program, applicants must have a bachelor’s degree from a regionally accredited institution with a cumulative GPA of 3.0 (GPAs below 3.0 may be considered for conditional admission), a personal letter explaining qualifications for graduate work, and an understanding of basic statistics. Letters of recommendation and GMAT scores are not required for admission.
As part of the program, students will delve into healthcare operations; the healthcare industry and its impact on healthcare management; healthcare quality and performance improvement; health policy & economics; healthcare informatics; introduction to gerontology; and managerial epidemiology.
- Location: St. Louis, MO
- Accreditation: Higher Learning Commission (HLC)
- Expected Time to Completion: 24 months
- Estimated Tuition: $714 per credit
USC Leonard Davis offers an online master of science in gerontology that can be completed in as little as 18 months. The program positions students at the forefront of research and policy and helps them build analytical skills while studying the mysteries and mechanics of aging, population health, and longevity.
Students in this program will explore gerontology through a sophisticated and multidisciplinary approach. The program also offers several optional tracks that students can take to add value to their resumes. These specializations include psychology, care management, nutrition, entrepreneurship, end-of-life, geriatric care, and health science.
Comprising 44 credits, the program includes courses such as the physiology of development and aging; life span developmental psychology; life span developmental sociology; social policy and aging; integrating gerontology: a multidisciplinary approach; and research methods.
USC Leonard Davis also offers a 28-credit master of arts in gerontology program, a 28.5-credit master of arts in long-term care administration program, a 32-credit master of arts in aging services management program, a 33-credit master of arts in medical gerontology program, and several more such programs.
- Location: Los Angeles, CA
- Accreditation: Western Association of Schools and Colleges, the Senior College and University Commission (WSCUC); Accreditation for Gerontology Education Council
- Expected Time to Completion: Full-time (18 months); part-time (18 to 36 months)
- Estimated Tuition: $2,137 per credit
Step 4: Get licensed (less than one year)
The last step is becoming a licensed nursing home administrator. Licensing requirements vary by state; however, national licensing is overseen by the National Association of Long-Term Care Administrator Boards (NAB). There are also several different licenses students can complete:
- Home and Community-Based Services (HCBS)
- Nursing Home Assistance (NHA)
- Residential Care and Assisted Living (RCAL)
The NAB website details state-specific requirements and exam fees, ranging from $185 to $440, depending on the license.
The below chart outlines the NHA licensure requirements by state, according to NAB. Please note that the minimum age for licensing varies from 18 to 21. All states require students to sit for the national exam, and most require at least 400 administrators in training (AIT) hours, but not all states require a state exam.
While national NHA licensing and many states require a minimum of a bachelor’s degree in healthcare administration, many NHAs have master’s degrees in public health, long-term care administration, health services administration, or business administration.
|State of Licensure||Degree Required||State Exam?||Continuing Education (CE) Hours Required|
|District of Columbia||BA||Yes||40, biennial|
|New Hampshire||BA||Yes||40, biennial|
|New Jersey||BA||No||60, biennial|
|New Mexico||BA||No||24, annual|
|North Carolina||AA||Yes||30, biennial|
|North Dakota||BA||Yes||20, annual|
|Rhode Island||BA||No||40, biennial|
|South Carolina||AA||Yes||20, annual|
|South Dakota||AA||Yes||40, biennial|
|West Virginia||BA||Yes||20, annual|
Helpful Resources for Aspiring Nursing Home Administrators
There is a broad spectrum of resources for students pursuing a career as an LNHA. The following list of professional organizations can assist students and professionals as they pursue a career in this rewarding field.
- National Association of Long-Term Care Administrator Boards: NAB is the leading national authority on licensing professionals within the long-term care industry. Students will find everything they need about licensure, from exam information and state boards to academic accreditation and continuing education.
- State Websites: Students can also find state-level websites, such as ones for Missouri and Massachusetts. Each state may also have its own internship requirements and programs, such as New York.
- American Healthcare Association: The AHCA is the country’s largest association of long-term and post-acute care providers, advocating for quality care for elderly and disabled people. The AHCA has state affiliates that may prove helpful for students.